In , our only Souslik was joined by a pair from Edinburgh Zoo. After hibernation, in spring , we were saw the first litter born. Learn more about the European ground squirrel – with amazing European ground squirrel videos, photos and facts on Arkive. Spermophilus citellus with the common name European souslik, belongs to the Mammals group.

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European ground squirrel

Cape hare Lepus capensis. The ears are short and the tail is relatively long mm. Distribution and abundance in Bulgaria.

The European ground squirrel is a colonial animal and is mainly diurnal. This research will provide crucial data in determining appropriate future conservation measures 1.

The European souslik Spermophilus citellus is endemic to Europe. Baja California rock squirrel Spermophilus atricapillus. Currently a reintroduction project for which zoos provide animals is being undertaken in Poland. The planning of the Natura network of protected territories is adapted to the current state of the species. The European ground squirrel belongs to a genus commonly referred to as the sousliks, with representatives spread throughout the northern hemisphere from California to China 3.

The European ground squirrel generally has short yellowish fur but the back is tinged distinctly grey with dense cream spots 2 3. Sign up to our newsletter Get the latest wild news direct to your inbox.


European Souslik

In common with all ground-dwelling squirrels, it is mostly active during the hours of sunlight, devoting most of its attention to foraging for food. Furthermore, as an integral part of the souxlik chain, a decrease in the number of European ground squirrels is probably responsible for a decline in the populations of many other vulnerable species 5. Wild goat Capra aegagrus. European ground squirrel threats The conversion of steppe grassland and pasture into cultivated farmland and forestry is chiefly responsible for a sosulik decline in the population of European ground squirrels 1 3.

European ground squirrel – Regional historical Museum Burgas

The weaning period is about 30 days. Fr En Es Members’ Area. The conversion of steppe grassland and pasture into cultivated farmland and forestry is chiefly souslim for a serious decline in the population of European ground squirrels 1 3.

European sousliks mate only once a year. Its populations became increasingly fragmented and are facing serious declines across most of its range throughout last decades. Males are slightly souslok than females otherwise they look alike.

European Souslik :: Red Data Book of Bulgaria

Retrieved from ” https: World Association of Zoos and Aquariums November, http: Following 25 days of development in the womb, the females give birth to a litter of 4 to 11 young which receive milk for around 30 days before being weaned. The colonies maintain sentinels who whistle at the sight of a predator, bringing the pack scurrying back to safety. The European souslik Spermophilus citellus is a ground dwelling living in burrows rodent resembling the squirrel but with the tail far shorter and sousli, and the body colour of mottled ochre-yellow.


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It is europeaj mammal with diurnal activity and an obligatory true hibernant. It is included in the Biological Diversity Act, Annex 2.

In the short grass steppe habitat the species represents one of the main prey for several top predators listed in Annex I of the Birds Directive, such as the Imperial Eagle Aquila heliacaLesser Eiropean Eagle Aquila pomarinaSaker Falcon Falco cherrug etc.

Conservation Genetics9: European ground squirrel range The European ground squirrel is endemic to central and eastern Europe, from the Czech Republic in the europeam to Turkey in the southeast 1.

A genus tends to contain species that have characteristics in common. It finds this on the steppes and in pasture, in dry banks, on sports fields, parks and lawns.

The belly is yellow, the chin and the throat are white. The European souslik has lost a significant part of its habitat and has disappeared from many places within its former range. Help us share the wonders of the natural world.