Francis Fukuyama. Sfarsitul istoriei si ultimul om. Pe masura ce tumultuosul secol XX se indreapta plin de spaima spre sfarsitul sau prabusirea comunismului. Recenzia 1. Fukuyama argumenteaza ca democratia liberala de sorginte occidentala nu inseamna altceva decat sfarsitul unei evolutii. IN WATCHING the flow of events over the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history.

Author: Goltigul Shak
Country: Trinidad & Tobago
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Politics
Published (Last): 16 January 2015
Pages: 78
PDF File Size: 8.27 Mb
ePub File Size: 3.6 Mb
ISBN: 368-1-28314-851-4
Downloads: 26099
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Zulugore

Al treilea filon argumentativ sta in logica cu care Fukuyama a prezis caderea comunismului in anul in care acesta a inceput sa piarda masiv din influenta prima forma a eseului fiind publicata la inceputul lui Retrieved 23 November The inherently unequal recognition of masters and slaves is replaced by universal and reciprocal recognition, where every citizen recognises the dignity and humanity of every other citizen, and where that dignity is recognised in turn by the state through the granting of rights.

In the post-historical period there will be neither art nor philosophy, just the perpetual caretaking of the museum of human history. This is not true in Poland and Hungary, however, whose Communist parties have taken moves toward true power sharing and pluralism.

Picador USA Anul aparitiei: Fukuyama nu se oprete aici. Francis Fukuyama Sfarsitul istoriei si ultimul om Pe masura ce tumultuosul secol XX se indreapta plin de spaima spre sfarsitul sau prabusirea comunismului ducand la o transformare a politicii mondiale —, autorul ne invita sa ne intoarcem la o intrebare care a mai fost pusa in secolele trecute: Cornell University Press Anul aparitiei: According to Hegel, human beings like animals have natural needs and desires for objects outside themselves such as food, drink, shelter, and above all the preservation of their own bodies.

At the modern stage, the ability to build up material wealth at an accelerated rate on the basis of front-ranking science and high-level techniques and technology, and to distribute it fairly, and through joint efforts to restore and protect the resources necessary for mankind’s survival acquires decisive importance. This consciousness may not be explicit and self-aware, as are modern political doctrines, but may rather take the form of religion or simple cultural or moral habits.


But in retrospect it seems that Hitler represented a diseased bypath in the general course of European development, and since his fiery defeat, the legitimacy of any kind of territorial aggrandizement has been thoroughly discredited. The best instruments are setting a good example and providing education and, in many cases, money.

Identity – Francis Fukuyama

In the political sphere, the proposed changes to the Soviet constitution, legal system, and party rules amount to much less than the establishment of a liberal state. Retrieved 19 August Barber described ” McWorld ” as a secular, liberal, corporate-friendly sfareitul of the world and used the word ” jihad ” to refer to the competing forces of tribalism and religious fundamentalism, with a special emphasis on Islamic fundamentalism.

He believes that the Iraq War was being blundered. This led to a drive for pure territorial aggrandizement in the latter half of the century and played no small role in causing the Great War.

Only systematic nationalisms of the latter sort can qualify as a formal ideology on the level of liberalism or communism.

Francis Fukuyama

But in the universal homogenous state, all prior contradictions are resolved and all human needs are satisfied. Traiasca capitalismul, traiasca economia de piata, fukuyaa neo-liberalismul triunfator! He is a fierce enemy of transhumanisman intellectual movement asserting that posthumanity is a isstoriei goal. The Chinese leadership has in fact been much more circumspect in criticizing Mao and Maoism than Gorbachev with respect to Brezhnev and Stalin, and the regime continues to pay lip service to Marxism-Leninism as its ideological underpinning.

The Origins of Political Order From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution – Francis Fukuyama

Whether, at the end of the twentieth century, it makes sense for us once again to speak of a coherent and directional History of mankind that will eventually lead the greater part of humanity to liberal democracy?

We in the West have become thoroughly pessimistic with regard to the possibility of overall progress in democratic institutions. Leffler and Jeffrey W. The twentieth century saw the developed world descend into a paroxysm istorieei ideological violence, as liberalism contended first with the remnants of absolutism, then bolshevism and fascism, and finally an updated Marxism that threatened to lead to the ultimate apocalypse of nuclear war.


Developing nations Governance International political economy Nation-building and democratization Strategic and security issues.

Such a prospect is, of course, ludicrous: And precisely because the goal of the battle is not determined by biology, Hegel sees in it the first glimmer of human freedom.

This is, of course, a convenient point of view for people who want to admit that something major is changing in the Soviet Union, but do not want to accept responsibility for recommending the radical policy redirection implicit in such a view. I am not using the term “fascism” here in its most precise sense, fully aware of the frequent misuse of this term to denounce anyone to the right of the user.

He wrote that, while liberal democracy still had no real competition from more authoritarian systems of government “in the realm of ideas”, nevertheless he was less idealistic than he had been “during the heady days of The corruption and decadence of the late Brezhnev-era Soviet state seemed to matter little, however, for as long sfarsltul the state itself refused to throw sfarsiyul question any of the fundamental principles underlying Soviet society, the system was istorii of functioning adequately out of sheer inertia and could even muster some dynamism in the realm of foreign and defense policy.

There is no doubt that contemporary democracies face any number of serious problems, from drugs, homelessness and crime to environmental damage and the frivolity of consumerism. Interviewed by Ben Wattenberg. It is for this reason that the book turns to a second, parallel account of the historical process in Part III, an account that seeks to recover the whole of man and not just his economic side.