INDO SARACENIC ARCHITECTURE PDF
Saracenic was a term used by the ancient Romans to refer to a people who lived in Some use this term to refer to Indo-Islamic Architecture. The Indo-Saracenic is a mixture of Indian and Islamic Architecture but remained British in spatial Organization and composition. Buildings built in this style were. Indo-Saracenic (also known as Indo-Gothic, Mughal-Gothic, Neo-Mughal, Hindoo style) was an revival architectural style mostly used by British architects in.
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Examples of the ‘Indo-Saracenic’ style. The Taj Mahal Hotel in Mumbai. Ahsan Manzil in Dhaka. Victoria Public Hall in Chennai. The British Raj extended over almost all present-day India, Pakistan and this area is very diverse, containing the Himalayan mountains, fertile floodplains, the Indo-Gangetic Plain, a long coastline, tropical dry forests, arid uplands, and the Thar desert.
The vestiges of the colonial High Court continue to characterise the premises till date, in a rare tradition which is today a distinction, Judges of the Madras High Court are still led by orderlies who bear a ceremonial mace made of silver 2.
The final design bears resemblance to St Pancras railway station in London. To usher in a new era, the British “Raj”, a new architectural tradition was sought, marrying the existing styles of India with imported styles from the West, such as Gothic with its sub styles of French Gothic, Venetian-Moorish etc.
Of the 15, nine are from among lawyers and six from the subordinate judiciary. These are visible in the use of Jali, perforated screens, to protect from scorching sun and monsoon rains of India.
Mycenaean Revival Serbo-Byzantine Revival.
Victoria Public Hall in Chennai. The early 10th century Baroli temple complex in Rajasthan, illustrating the Nagara architecture.
Public and Government buildings were often rendered on an intentionally grand scalereflecting and promoting a notion of an unassailable and invincible British Sadacenic. Usually, their form-factors are these: Jamek Mosque in Kuala Lumpur.
Indo-Saracenic also known as Indo-GothicMughal-GothicNeo-MughalHindoo style [ citation needed ino was an revival architectural style mostly used by British architects in India in the later 19th century, especially in public and government buildings in the British Rajand the palaces of rulers of the princely states. The main entrance is double storied, projecting out of the facade to create a kind of leading into a recessed entrance with a balcony.
The Gateway of India.
Indo-Saracenic architecture – WikiVisually
He was profoundly influenced sqracenic the construction used in Norman cathedrals and Anglo-Saxon churches, as well as the ornamentation. Within the princely states external affairs, defence and most communications were under Indoo control, the British also exercised a general influence over the states internal politics, in part through the granting or withholding of recognition of individual rulers.
By the early 19th century, the British had made themselves the virtual masters of the Indian Subcontinent. Lahore Government College University.
The Secretariat Building was designed by the prominent British architect Herbert Baker in Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture, both the identical building have four levels, each with about 1, rooms, in the inner courtyards to make space for future expansions. Hindu temple architecture — The Hindu temple architexture is an open, symmetry driven structure, with many variations, on a square grid of padas, depicting perfect geometric shapes such as circles and squares.
The Turco-Mongol Mughal Empire brought a majority of the existing Indian kingdoms and principalities under its suzerainty by the 17th century, indl with its foundation in the early 16th century. Curzon Hall in Dhaka.
Burma was separated from India and directly administered by the British Crown from until its independence inamong other countries in the region, Ceylon was ceded to Britain in under the Treaty of Amiens. The first Indo-Saracenic building is said to be the Chepauk Palacecompleted inin present-day Chennai Madras.
It was the first attempt indi erasing the architectural legacy of the Mughals. Arthur Benison Hubback would later become the leading architect in the style in the Federated Malay States between the s idno s, during which the style experienced its peak in popularity. Kuala Lumpur Railway Station.
Typically, in India, villages, towns and cities of some means would lavish significant sums on construction of such “indigenous ethnic architecture” when plans were drawn up for construction of the local railway stationsmuseums and art galleries. University of the PunjabLahore. By doing this they kept elements of British and European architecturewhile adding Indian characteristics ; this, coupled with the British allowing some regional Indian princes to stay in power, made their presence more “palatable” for the Indians.
Although there were nearly princely states, the majority were very small 8. The term has also used to refer to the British in India. With no major saraceniv projects undertaken, the Mughal style rapidly declined. Upon completion inthe government offices now known as the Sultan Abdul Samad Buildingwhich would later house the administration of the Federated Malay States and the various post-independence governmental departments, became the one of the earliest examples of Indo-Saracenic architecture in Malaya.
MadrasBombayand Calcutta as they then wereas the main centres of the Raj administration, saw many buildings constructed in the style, although Calcutta was also a bastion of European Neo-classical architecture.
Local influences also lead to different ‘orders’ of the Indo-Islamic inro. Confluence of different architectural styles had been attempted before during the mainly TurkicDelhi Sultanate and Mughal periods.