Source for information on Brafman, Jacob: Encyclopaedia Judaica dictionary. Brafman attacked the Jewish communal organization (kahal) in Russian. Iakov Brafman was born to a poor Jewish family, grew up almost uneducated and rebellious, and clashed with the kahal (the Jewish self-governing community). It is divided into four parts: (1) The transactions of the ḳahal of Minsk (“ḳahal,” derived from the Hebrew = “community,” assumed in Russian the significance of .

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Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Brafman also took brsfmann at the Talmudclaiming that the Jews, using Talmudic principles, would exclude adherents of other religions from trade and industry and themselves accumulate all capital and landed property.

Brafman was born in and lived in Kletska shtetl near Minsk in the Pale of Settlement. His father was a rabbi. The Jewish Persona in the European Imagination: InBrafman published with official support brafmanb at government expense Kniga Kagala “The Book of the Kahal”a translation into Russian of the minutes Pinkas of the kehillah of Minsk.

Jacob Brafman

About the middle of the last century, Jacob Brafmann, a Jewish rabbi in Russia, became a convert to Christianity and spent the rest of his life endeavouring to throw light on the Jewish questions in general, and on the situation in Russia in particular, both in the interest of gentiles and of the Jews themselves. Although Brafman was accused of forgery, in fact his book was a fairly accurate translation of the documents.

Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 3. A Case of Russian Literature. Articles lacking in-text citations from June All articles lacking in-text citations.

Brafman published his findings as The Book of the Kahal: But impartial critics dissected the book and discovered that the “transactions” were simple forgeries. Baron, Russian Jew under Tsars and Soviets Supplied with his certificate of baptism, which entitled him to an official position, he was kshal professor of Hebrew in the seminary at Minsk, and at the same time was brafmznn by the Holy Synod to devise means of spreading Christianity among the Jews.


Retrieved from ” https: Brafman’s other major work, The Local and Universal Jewish Brotherhoodstook aim at international Jewish organisations, particularly those based in Brafmqnn.

The documents, which Brafmann claimed to have found in the archives of the board of education of Wilna, extended from to To back up his claim that West European Jewish institutions were plotting the destruction of Russian Orthodoxy, Brafman focused on the kahalthe quintessential East European communal entity that was legally abolished jwcob He later brafnann as censor of Hebrew and Yiddish books in Vilna and St.

Brafman, Iakov Aleksandrovich

Home Religion Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps Brafman, Bafmann. When faced with the draft, he chose to convert, becoming first Lutheran and later Russian Orthodox. Imperial Russia’s Jewish Jacbo, He published a series of articles entitled “Yevreiskiya Bratstva v Gorodakh Zapadnoi Rossii,” in which kaha endeavored to convince the reader that there existed in every town of western Russia a Jewish confraternity having for its object the acquisition and exploitation of power over the non-Jews, and possessing unlimited means to carry out this object “Wilenski Vyestnik,”Nos.

On the important question, whether the law of the land is binding on the Jews, the comments in jahal Talmud are evasive, but the documents here listed under Nos. Brafman joined the Imperial Russian Geographical Society in and became a bratmann figure in academia. Despite being under age, local agents of the kahal the communal Jewish government ran by rabbis in the Pale, which dealt with taxation and conscriptionplaced Brafman on a list of “volunteers” for the Imperial Russian Army.

Jewish convert to Christianity; born in Russia; died in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. Thoroughly familiar with the Jewish question as I had professed Judaism till the age of thirty-fourI knew where to draw the materials necessary for the work, and the archbishop of Minsk furnished me with the means.

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File:Jacob Brafmann Das Buch vom Kahal Zweiter – Wikimedia Commons

I thus obtained valuable material which served not only for the work in hand, but also to throw light on the Jewish question in general, as well as their social and religious organization in Russia. The Russian poet V. It is divided into four parts: Zitron, Meshumodim7—31; Levitats, in: French translation by Mgr.

Find more information about at the Center for Jewish History: At the age of 34 he joined the Greek Orthodox Church and was appointed Hebrew teacher at the government theological seminary in Minsk.

This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. It has served a number of scholars as a historical source for knowledge of the inner life of Russian Jewry in the 19 th century.

Modern Language Association http: An International Jewish Question;which immediately became the standard introduction to Jewish life and culture for the Russian imperial bureaucracy. Brafman moved to Vilna in and began writing vehemently against the kahal and Jewish organisations more generally.

Brafman was particularly well received by conservative Slavophiles in Russia. As the subject of Brafmann’s other work, The Jewish Brotherhoods, has been treated rather fully in chapter II, it is hardly necessary to give an analysis of the book here. The documents also prove that the Kahal and the beth-din are not bound to judge according to Jewish law, but may hand down personal decisions as they please-Thus, by secret acts, the Jews circumvent their Christian competitors and acquire a controlling share of the capital and real estate of the country.

Brafman, who had his own personal conflict with the kahal as a young man, argued that the kahal existed as a tyranny against individual Jews, while also being a system which enabled the exploitation of their non-Jewish neighbours.