Dive deep into Karl Jaspers’ Reason and Existenz with extended analysis, commentary, and discussion. “With the publication of Reason and Existenz, originally delivered as a series of five lectures at the University of Groningen in , one of the most important of. Reason and Existenz: Karl Jaspers: Conflict with the Nazi authorities: entitled Vernunft und Existenz (Reason and Existenz, ), appeared; in a book.

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At the time when Bultmann first proposed this de-mythologizing approach Jaspers was widely although erroneously identified with the liberal wing of Protestant theology, and it was perhaps expected that he might declare sympathy for Bultmann’s hermeneutical approach.

Karl Jaspers – Wikipedia

This is a slightly different use of the word exisfenz than the ordinary medical or sociological use as a synonym for indigenous.

However, afterhis fortunes changed dramatically, and he figured prominently on the White List of the US-American occupying forces: Most especially, however, like Heidegger, he took from Nietzsche a critical approach to the residues of metaphysics in European philosophy, and he denied the existence of essences which are external or indifferent to human experience.

In contrast to contemporary neo-Kantian readings of Kant, which were prepared to acknowledge the ideal element in Kantian idealism only, at most, as a regulative framework, generated by reason’s own autonomous functions, Jaspers argued that Kantian philosophy always at once contains and suppresses a vision of experienced transcendence, and that the Kantian ideas should be jasoers as challenges to reason to think beyond the limits of its autonomy, towards new and more existsnz contents, self-experiences and freedoms.

He was often viewed as a major exponent of existentialism in Germany, esistenz he did not accept the label. In opposition to Bultmann, therefore, Jaspers concluded that only a religious hermeneutic based in absolute liberalityexcluding all orthodoxy, could be appropriate to the task of interpreting the transcendent contents of human life. Less obviously, however, in this doctrine he also guided early existential thinking away from its original association with Kierkegaard and Nietzsche and, although assimilating Kierkegaardian elements of decisiveness and impassioned commitment, he claimed that Kierkegaard’s cult of interiority, centred in the speechlessness of inner life, was a miscarried attempt to envision the conditions of human authenticity.


He was a lecturer and later an Associate Professor of Psychology Privatdozent from to Jaspers considered primary delusions to be ultimately “un-understandable,” since he believed no coherent reasoning exitenz existed behind their formation.

Alex Covic rated it it was ok Jul 04, existenzz In his later philosophical works, especially Von der Wahrheit Of Truth, he continued to give prominence to cognitive models derived from Hegelian phenomenology, and he proposed a concept of the encompassing das Umgreifende to determine the phenomenological gradations of thought and being.

Ben Harrison rated it liked it Oct 29, Aiden O’Reilly rated it really liked it Apr 03, Media Ethics on a Higher Order of Magnitude.

Reason and Existenz by Karl Jaspers

At the same time, however, he also suggested that pure theological analysis closes humanity against the relativity and precariousness of its truths, and against the communicative processes through which these truths are disclosed. In fact, his criticism of religious dogmatism evolved in conjunction with a wider doctrine of humanism, which ultimately became the defining component of his later work.

Philosophy at the Threshold of the FutureLanham: Karrl entry has no external links. Central to these later works, consequently, was not only a turn towards humanistic reflection, but also an inquiry into the politics of humanism and the distinctively human preconditions of political existence. Just two years later, Jaspers moved away forever from psychiatric practice and medicine in general, first towards psychology and then philosophy.


The Politics of Humanism 7. The later work presents the university as a free community of scholars and students engaged in the task of seeking truth. In the notes section are some quite good nuggets to take in. In this regard, Jaspers held the religious aspects of his philosophy on a fine dialectic between theological and anthropological assertions.

Secondary delusions, on the other hand, he defined as those influenced by the person’s background, current situation or mental state. Jaspers borrowed from Nietzsche a psychologistic approach to philosophical perspectives, and, like Nietzsche, he tended to view philosophical claims, not as formally verifiable postulates, but as expressions of underlying mental dispositions. Of particular importance, Jaspers believed that psychiatrists should diagnose symptoms particularly of psychosis rason their form rather than by their content.

Politics and MetaphysicsLondon: For now, the following volumes exist: To a large extent, the two first major publications were works of psychology that contain many elements, albeit in inchoate form, of his later philosophy. Oshitelu – – Hope Publications. Kafkasfriend rated it liked it Dec 13, For instance Huub Engels argues that schizophrenic speech disorder may be understandable, just as Emil Kraepelin ‘s dream speech is understandable.

For example, in diagnosing a hallucination, the fact that a person experiences visual phenomena when no sensory stimuli account for it form assumes more importance than what the patient sees content.