IS THE CAMBRIDGE COGNITIVE TEST (CAMCOG) A USEFUL TOOL TO PREDICT THE PATHOLOGICAL STATUS OF CEREBROSPINAL FLUID IN PATIENTS. Screening Test s. Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). 12 (52). Cambridge Cognitive Examination (CAMCOG). 8 (35). Middlesex Elderly Assessment of. A leading global provider of cognitive assessment software for use in: • Academic Research – Promoting products for use in Academic Research since

Author: Kibei Yorg
Country: Brunei Darussalam
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Sex
Published (Last): 23 December 2004
Pages: 35
PDF File Size: 7.5 Mb
ePub File Size: 18.2 Mb
ISBN: 907-1-77745-879-1
Downloads: 30895
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Vogul

Manos PJ, Wu R. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry ; Int J Geriatr Psychiatry ; It is made up of items which require the copying of drawings and the producing of a freehand drawing of a clock without copying. The other aspect is the raters’ tendency to alter their approach with time, in such etst way as to improve the way they ask the questions and relate to the respondents, in case the application of an instrument takes a long time In the retests the agreement was nearly perfect for the tezt of items. When a subject answers one item correctly, it is expected that camcob or she would also be able to answer other items related to it correctly as well, because split cognition into cognitive domains is more tesr than anatomical, since the brain operates in a network where one area is intimately connected with the other In the test-retest reliability study, Services on Demand Journal.

Int J Psychiatry Med ; In the retest, the mean time was The praxis subscale demonstrated the smallest stability in time Table 4. In all these analyses, the results were adjusted for the effects of the other socio-demographic variables using analysis of variance.

It was administered to a population sample of elderly people aged 77 and above in their place of residence. The patient’ schooling was defined as completed years of school in the formal educational system as informed by the subject failed school years were not taken into consideration.

The test application was done by one of the five trained examiners for the study: Br J Psychiatry ; These findings corroborate those of Lindeboom et al.

Neuropsychological batteries of tests are widely used to evaluate subjects who tested positive in the screening examinations. There was no significant range in the stability of the instrument in sex, age, schooling, or the presence cammcog dementia.


However, a small difference gest found for subjects with low schooling Vamcog 4.

The ten point clock test: Clinical and neuropsychological assessment of Alzheimer’ disease. Evaluation of a 10 question mental test of the institutionalized elderly. Csmcog ICC score was excellent for the set of items of the test and for the items of the subscales; it varied from “moderate” 0. It has incorporated a few screening instruments for cognitive disturbances widely used in epidemiological research, such as the Mini-Mental State Examination MMSE 6and 8 of the 10 items of the Hodgkinson Abbreviated Mental Test 7.

The operational difficulties during the interrater reliability study, which demanded the presence of two raters in the interview room at the same time, caused the studied sample to be smaller than that of the test-retest. The source population was composed of 1, elders who attended the clinic between May 2 nd and December 28 th RESULTS One hundred and twenty-three subjects took part in the test-retest study, while 60 of them participated in the interrater reliability study as well.

There was a problem providing the content you requested

The lack of a specific biological marker for the diagnosis of dementia in the clinical practice amplifies the vitality of this evaluation 2. A few general methodological aspects deserve comments when examining the reliability of a rating process, principally of the interrater type.

According to the dementia diagnosis, the “perception” and camcoh functions” subscales obtained a higher ICC among the non-cases, while in the “attention and calculation” subscale, the ICC was higher among the cases Table 4.

Among the brief neuropsychological batteries mentioned in the literature, the Cambridge Cognitive Examination CAMCOG has the advantage of offering a summary measurement of the global cognitive function, allowing changes at cutoff score according to age and schooling 3,4. The stability of the total score of the instrument in time was adequate, even after the stratification by sex, age, schooling, and the presence vamcog dementia; the difference in the ICC scores for the test’ set of items and for most subscales was discreet, suggesting the instrument maintains its stability in time even in subjects with cognition impairment.


Results from the European Harmonization Project for instruments in dementia. Hodkinson M, Qureshi K.

Reliability of the Brazilian version of the Cambridge Cognitive Examination Revised CAMCOG-R

Arq Neuropsiquiatr ;59 Suppl 3: How to cite this article. Accepted 24 March The testing took place in a reserved room, well lit, with little external noise, and with no visible calendars or clocks. The stability of the instrument among those with mild, moderate and severe dementia was 0.

Instrument application and the evaluated variables The test application was done by one of the five trained examiners for the study: Another source of variability which may risk the stability of an instrument is the change of the studied phenomenon. Ageing Neuropsychol Cognition ;3: For the interpretation of values, the criteria proposed by Landis and Kock 22 were taken into consideration: In the interrater reliability study, the minimum age of the subjects was 65 years; for this reason, it was not possible to test the items of the remote memory subscale suggested for subjects who were born after The exclusion criteria were: Discreet differences were noticed in the ICC values for the subscale items after sex, age, and schooling stratification.

The functional evaluation consisted of applying both the evaluation scale of the daily life basic activities 17 and of the daily life instrumental activities 18both in the subject as well as in the informant, with divergencies in the information written down and commented by the rater. It also allows comparisons between different populations, therefore helping to standardize procedures in clinical and epidemiological studies 1.

Other study limitations were that most of the subjects had low schooling, were under 85 years old, and attended a public health clinic, making the sample a homogeneous one, but not representative of the Brazilian elderly population as a whole.

The internal consistency of the set of items of the test was high: The inclusion criteria were: